Literature, philosophy and the arts in the U.S.

In the 18 - early. 19 cc., American art and literature took over much of Europe. Writers such as Nathaniel Hawthorne, Edgar Allan Poe, and Henry David Thoreau established a special American literary movement in the mid-19th century. Mark Twain and poet Walt Whitman were major figures in the second half of the same century. Emily Dickinson, virtually unknown during his lifetime, is now recognized as a major American poet. Their work covers the main aspects of the national experience and character, "Moby Dick" Herman Melville (1851), "The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn" (1885) and "The Great Gatsby", the second name is "The Great American Novel," F. Scott Fitzgerald (1925).

Eleven U.S. citizens have received the Nobel Prize for literature, and more recently - Toni Morrison in 1993. Ernest Hemengueya, winner of the Nobel Prize in 1954, is considered one of the most influential writers of the 20th century. In the United States, is highly developed and popular literary genres such as western fiction crime. Generation of writers "Beat" opens a new literary approach postmodernist authors such as John Barth, Thomas Pynchon and Don DeLillo.

Transcendentalists, led by Thoreau and Ralph Waldo Emerson, established the first major American philosophical movement. After the Civil War, Charles Sanders Peirce and then William James and John Dewey were leaders in the development of pragmatism. In the 20th century the work of WVO Quine and Richard Rorty

Culture, Art, Show Business U.S.

American representatives of all the arts had (and still have) an enormous influence on the cultural life of the world as a whole.

Currently, one of the dominant role in the representation of American culture has, of course, the American cinema. If the number of movies filmed some competition to the American dream factory can try to make an Indian Bollywood, then scale filmed in Hollywood films and reach audiences, they looked a the Americans have no equal.

American music has had a huge impact on the world. The origins of modern rock music lie in the American Negro slaves, so popular today as rap style has its roots in the songs of black slaves in North America.

Talent many American writers and poets certainly recognized throughout the world. With creativity of American writers we learn in childhood - a rare boy was reading a fascinating book not American writers such

Китайская Медицина

Археологические находки конце династии Шан (ок. 1000 до н.э.) включают в себя как акупунктурные иглы и гадания кости, на которых были начертаны обсуждение медицинских проблем. По династии Хань (206 до н.э.-220 г. н.э.), основы китайской медицинской теории и практики были твердо на месте. Видное место среди них были понятиями инь и ян, пяти этапов, канал теории, различные методы пункции, фармакопеи и относительно сложный подход к терапии.

Концепция инь и ян является основным коренем всех понятий в китайской медицине. Инь и Ян являются символами фундаментальной двойственности во вселенной, двойственность которая в конечном счете едина. Китайские види, что каждое проявление, каждая функция, и каждый аспект нашего мира имеет двойственную природу. Существует день ​​и ночь, вверх и вниз, низкие и высокие, мужской и женский, и т.д. Без одного, другого существовать не может. Это буквально «две стороны одной медали".

Характер для инь переводится как


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